What Is Hard Water? A No-Nonsense Guide

Did you know that most adult Americans don’t drink enough water? You should make sure your water quality at home’s good. If you want to learn about hard water, we can help.

In this guide, we’ll answer the question, “What is hard water?”

Want to learn more? Keep reading.

What Is Hard Water?

The hardness of water gets determined by the amount of magnesium and calcium it contains. A higher level of calcium and magnesium will turn the water hard.

A water softening system lowers the concentrations of these minerals. Soft water has higher concentrations of sodium.

Ways to Determine If You Have Soft or Hard Water

You can’t tell if the water’s soft or hard. What water does to dishes in your dishwasher can be a tip-off.

Do you notice a film on your hands after you wash them? You might have to rinse your hands for a longer time if the water’s hard. Soap will react with calcium and form soap scum.

Spots that appear on silverware and glasses out of the dishwasher. The spots are deposits of calcium carbonate.

Mineral stains show up on clothes when they come out of the washing machine. Clothes will end up wearing out from the hard water.

Less water pressure in your house is another sign. Mineral deposits will end up forming in the pipes. The interior diameter of the pipes will shrink and reduce the flow of water.

Health Risks From Hard Water

Hard water can cause dry hair and skin. If you wash your hair a lot with hard water, you might also have an itchy scalp.

The minerals in hard water will also end up changing the pH balance of your skin. When the pH balance changes, it becomes weaker and vulnerable to bacteria. People with eczema tend to be more vulnerable.

Do you notice issues with dry hair or skin? You should look into getting a water-softening system for your house.

Talk to a dermatologist to get moisturizer products to fight the effects of hard water.

How Does Water Softening Work?

Hard water gets run through a resin coated with positively charged sodium ions.

Sodium will replace the calcium and magnesium in the water.

A water softening unit will need frequent maintenance. The sodium pellets will need to get added to keep the resin charged. See more here about water softener maintenance.

Some water softening systems will use potassium instead of sodium. Some systems use citric acid or magnets to reduce the levels of magnesium and calcium.

Now You Know If You Should Get a Water Softener

We hope this guide on hard water was helpful. You no longer will have to ask, “What is hard water?” If you have hard water, consider getting a water softening system.

Are you looking for more home tips? Check out the resources on our blog.

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